Tahrir (liberation) Square, one of the most important and most lively sites in down town Cairo, has a historical symbolism, since it is associated with numerous national events.

Founded by Khedive Ismail, who ruled Egypt between Jan, 1863 and June 1879, the square was originally called “Ismailia Square;” it became the flashpoint of mass demonstrations that changed the course of political life in the country.

The square was renamed as Tahrir after the Revolution of 1919 against the British occupation.

It was also the scene of the Revolution of 1935, against the British colonial rule too, the Revolution of Jan 25, 2011, that removed the regime of former president, Hosni Mubarak, and the Revolution of June 30, 2013, that ousted former president Mohammad Morsi.

In the last two years, the major public town square restored much of its liveliness and resumed its role as a point of convergence of main roads that link various parts of the capital city.

The square gains additional significance from the fact that it accommodates cultural, political and educational landmarks, such as the Egyptian Museum, the Arab League, ‘Mojama’ Al-Tahrir’ (Tahrir complex), the old building of the American University in Cairo, Al-Sabah Metro Station, Omar Makram Mosque, and the Government and People’s Assembly buildings

Source: MENA